Published on: 11/10/2020 3:52:20 AM

Indus River System is one of the largest river basins of the world, covering an area of 11, 65, 000 sq. km (in India it is 321, 289 sq. km and a total length of 2,880 km (in India 1,114 km). It originates from a glacier near Bokhar Chu in the Tibetan region at an altitude of 4,164 m in the Kailash Mountain range.

Indus River System Valley Projects are given below:


The Bhakra Nangal Project

  • It is the largest and the most important multipurpose project named after the two dams built at Bhakra and Nangal on the Satluj River. It is the second highest dam in the World.
  • The project comprises of: (i) two dams at Bhakra and Nangal, (ii) Nangal Hydel Channel, (iii) power houses with a combined installed capacity of 1,204 megawatt (MW) (iv) Electric transmission lines and (v) Bhakra canal system for irrigation.

The Indira Gandhi Project or the Rajasthan Canal

  • This is previously known as Rajasthan Canal Project. It is one of the biggest irrigation projects not only in India but in whole World.
  • It covers s an area 600 km long and 45 km wide of the Thar Desert of Rajasthan.
  • It is one of the most gigantic projects in the world aiming to de-desertify and transform desert waste land into agriculturally productive area.

Pong Dam

  • It is also called the Beas Dam on the river Beas, near Talwara in Himachal Pradesh, is the highest (132 m high) rock-fill dam in the country.
  • The project is a joint venture of Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana. The dam has been designed to store 6.6 million acre feet of water.

The Baglihar Project

  • It has been executed on the Chenab in Jammu & Kashmir.

Dul-Hasti Hydro-Electric Project

  • It is being built on river Chenab in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • The foundation of the project was laid in September 1984.
  • The project will consist of a power plant of 390 MW capacities. The power house will be located underground.

Thien Dam (Punjab)

  • A 147 metre high dam built by the Punjab Government at Thien village across the Ravi 25 km. upstream of Madhopur head works.
  • It will irrigate 8 lakh hectares land and generate 600 MW power.
  • Renamed as Ranjit Sagar Dam it was dedicated to the nation on March 4, 2001 by Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee.

Chamera Hydro-Electric Project

  • The 540 MW Chamera hydro-electric project on the Ravi River in Himachal Pradesh was implemented with Canadian credit offer of about Rs 335 crore.

Nathpa-Jhakri Hydro-Electric Project

  • India’s largest hydro-electric project, it is located at Nathpa Jhakri in Himachal Pradesh. It is built on Satluj River.
  • The first of the six 250 MW units was commissioned on December 30, 2002.
  • The project is being executed by Satluj Jal Nigam (formerly Nathpa Jhakri Power Corporation).